- Make Connections—Readers connect the topic or information to what they already know about themselves, about other texts, and about the world.
- Ask Questions—Readers ask themselves questions about the text, their reactions to it, and the author’s purpose for writing it.
- Visualize—Readers make the printed word real and concrete by creating a “movie” of the text in their minds.
- Determine Text Importance—Readers (a) distinguish between what’s essential versus what’s interesting, (b) distinguish between fact and opinion, (c) determine cause-and-effect relationships, (d) compare and contrast ideas or information, (e) discern themes, opinions, or perspectives, (f) pinpoint problems and solutions, (g) name steps in a process, (h) locate information that answers specific questions, or (i) summarize.
- Make Inferences—Readers merge text clues with their prior knowledge and determine answers to questions that lead to conclusions about underlying themes or ideas.
- Synthesize—Readers combine new information with existing knowledge to form original ideas, new lines of thinking, or new creations.